To many, gymnastics is gymnastics! But, to those that know there is a definite line between the two types of gymnastics, artistic and rhythmic confusing the two is almost a punishable crime. Whether you talk to a fan of artistic gymnastics or rhythmic gymnastics, you will likely hear a long story or heated debate about which is better and why. To help you pick a side in the artistic vs. rhythmic gymnastics debate, we have provided you with definitions and the best and worst attributes of both gymnastic types.
Artistic and Rhythmic Gymnastics Similarities
While there are significant differences between the two types of gymnastics, there are many similarities as well. For one, both rhythmic and artistic gymnastics are international sports. Both divisions of the sport are also governed by the Federation International of Gymnastics (FIG), and are Olympic events. Each of these systems also works on a leveling system from 1 to 10 with 1 being the simplest form of the sport and 10 being the most difficult. Now, we will get into the differences between the two.
Understanding Artistic Gymnastics
Artistic gymnastics is completed by men and women competitors and focuses mostly on agility, balance, and strength. An artistic gymnast will compete in many events during a competition, and could compete in all four events in certain competitions. Men will compete in the pommel horse, still rings, vault, parallel bars, high bar, and floor. Women artistic gymnasts will compete in floor exercise, uneven bars, balance beam, and vault. In artistic gymnastics, the floor gymnasts compete on is a spring floor. The only event that is set to music in this type of gymnastics is the floor event.
Understanding Rhythmic Gymnastics
Rhythmic gymnastics is for women only. Unlike artistic gymnasts that compete on one or all four events listed above, rhythmic gymnasts only perform on the floor. Artistic gymnasts also perform on the floor, but don’t use any special apparatuses in their routine. Rhythmic gymnasts use a variety of different apparatuses in their routines. All rhythmic gymnastics routines are set to music, and can include the use of ribbons, clubs, balls, hoops, or rope. Gymnasts can perform in many of the events every year. When a team enters the padded floor, they cannot have more than two apparatuses on the floor.
However, guidelines do allow gymnasts to trade apparatuses with a team member at any time, so you could see the same gymnast use two different types of apparatuses in one event. The event rotations are changed every year. Rhythmic gymnasts concentrate in eye-hand coordination, flexibility, grace, and dance. It’s important to note that some men’s rhythmic gymnastics teams do exist, but they aren’t recognized, and can’t compete in any Olympic events at this time.
Artistic and Rhythmic Gymnasts Compete Differently
Another difference between artistic and rhythmic gymnasts are they way they compete. Both types of gymnasts can compete in team events, but they compete much differently. In artistic gymnastics, gymnasts compete in four events individually and then their scores are tallied up for a team total. In rhythmic gymnastics, gymnasts compete as a team. Most often, an entire gymnastics team, usually 5, will compete on the floor as a cohesive unit. The rhythmic team is judged based on grace and harmony with one another.
How to Determine Which is Better?
There is no surefire way to determine whether artistic or rhythmic gymnastics is better. It truly is a personal choice. For example, there is no reason some people like basketball better than baseball, they just do. With that said, many believe artistic gymnastics is more exciting than rhythmic gymnastics. Artistic gymnastics is closer to acrobats than rhythmic gymnastics and can leave audiences awed with difficult tumble passes and flying flips off the uneven bars.
However, rhythmic gymnastics appeals to people who love ballet and graceful events. The artistry and choreography involved in women’s rhythmic gymnastics routine is truly something everyone should experience at least once.
How Gymnast Should Decide Whether Artistic or Rhythmic Gymnastics is For Them
When a gymnast is trying to decide whether they should crossover between artistic gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics, there are a few considerations that should be made. For one, the most successful artistic gymnasts are extremely strong and powerful. The strength and power is needed for propulsion on the vault and difficult tumbling passes on the floor.
Gymnasts that are more flexible and graceful may fare better in rhythmic gymnastics where the primary focus is ballet-like agility. Since rhythmic gymnastics isn’t a sanctioned event yet, any serious male gymnast should focus their efforts in artistic gymnastics. If men’s rhythmic gymnastics is ever recognized by the Olympics, male artistic gymnasts could easily crossover to compete in the sport.
Now that you understand the fundamental differences between artistic and rhythmic gymnastics, you can determine for yourself which is better. It’s important to remember that each of these types of gymnastics offers different performances and is sure to gather their own types of fans.